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Kidney Replacement Therapy

What is kidney disease?

This is when the kidneys stop working as well as they should. When they are working normally, the kidneys filter blood and remove waste and excess salt and water. In people with kidney disease, the kidneys slowly lose the ability to filter blood. In time, the kidneys can stop working completely. That is why it is so important to keep kidney disease from getting worse.

The goal of treating kidney disease is to best manage your health at every stage, which can help slow progression and keep your kidneys functioning as long as possible.

What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

At first, kidney disease causes no symptoms. As the disease gets worse, it can:

Nerve problems like weakness, numbness or tingling.

Chest pain and difficulty in breathing due to fluid build-up in the chest.

High blood pressure.

Feeling very tired or having trouble concentrating.


Stomach discomfort.

Nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite.

Swelling of your feet, ankles, or legs (called edema).


  • Global Impact: Kidney disease is a global health concern and millions of people worldwide are affected. Early detection and management can help mitigate the impact of kidney disease.
  • Silent Progression: Kidney disease often progresses silently, with few symptoms in the early stages. People may not be aware of any issues until the disease has advanced.
  • Two Types: Acute kidney disease occurs suddenly and can be caused by infections, dehydration, or injury. Chronic kidney disease develops over time and is often linked to conditions like diabetes and hypertension.
  • Diagnosis: Blood and urine tests which assess factors like creatinine levels, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and proteins or blood in the urine are used to diagnose kidney disease.
  • Treatment Options: Medications and lifestyle changes may help manage the condition. In advanced cases, dialysis or kidney transplantation may be necessary.
  • Prevention: Lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a healthy diet, staying physically active, managing blood pressure and diabetes, and avoiding excessive use of over-the-counter pain medications, can help prevent kidney disease.




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